Hemp Fiber Acreage Expands Quickly in Yunnan China

June 4th, 2009 – Industrial hemp has many uses, including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, and fuel. It is one of the fastest growing biomasses known, and one of the earliest domesticated plants known. It also runs parallel with the “Green Future” objectives that are becoming increasingly popular. industrial-hempHemp requires little to no pesticides, no herbicides, controls erosion of the topsoil, and produces oxygen. Industrial hemp is produced in many countries around the world.

Hemp produces 250% more fiber than cotton and 600% more fiber than flax when grown on the same land. Characteristics of hemp fiber are its superior strength and durability, resistance to ultraviolet light and mold, comfort and good absorbency (8%).

Hemp is used for a wide variety of purposes, including the manufacture of cordage of varying tensile strength, clothing, and nutritional products. The bast fibers can be used in 100% hemp products, but are commonly blended with other organic fibers such as flax, cotton or silk, for apparel and furnishings, most commonly at a 55%/45% hemp/cotton blend. The inner two fibers of hemp are more woody, and are more often used in non-woven items and other industrial applications, such as mulch, animal bedding and litter. The oil from the fruits (“seeds”) dries on exposure to air (similar to linseed oil) and is sometimes used in the manufacture of oil-based paints, in creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and in plastics. Hemp seeds have been used in bird seed mix. Hempseed is also widely used as a fishing bait.

As a natural fiber, hemp is involved in the International Year of Natural Fibres, 2009. Hemp is also receiving attention as a possible fiber for production of clothes. New uses for hemp are receiving greater media attention as environmental awareness becomes more prevalent and environmentally-friendly alternatives to conventional materials.

Xishuangbanna of Yunnan has established a 30,000 mu ecological agriculture base of hemp since 2006. The planting area will expand to 100,000 mu this year.


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